英语/英语介词短语动词短语汇编

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相近介词和介词短语[编辑]

1. With the help of 在~~帮助下

under the leadership / care of 在~~领导/关心下

2. be strict with sb. 对~人要求严格

be strict in sth. 对~事要求严格

3. at present=at the present time 目前

for the present 暂时

4. in the sun/sunshine 在阳光下

under the sun 在世界上

5. lie in 位于~~之内

lie on 同~~接壤

lie to 位于~~之外

6. at least 至少

in the least 丝毫,一点

7. by name 名叫

in the name of 以~~名义

8. in the air 空中,在流传

on the air 播出

9. in the way 挡路,障碍,用~~方法

in a way 在某点上,在某种程度上

get one’s own way to do 随心所欲

give way 让步,屈服

lose one’s way 迷路

by the way 顺便说一下

on one’s way to 在去~~的路上

Come this way 这边走

10. at the corner 在拐角处(外角)

in the corner 在角落里(内角)

on the corner 在角落上(外角上)

11. judge by / from 根据~~来判断

judge for oneself 由某人自己来判断

12. at the end (of) 在~~结束时

at the beginning of 在~~开始时

at the back of 在~~背后,支持

at the age of ~~岁时

at the foot of 在~~脚下

at the bottom of 在~~底部

at the top of 在~~顶上

at/on the edge of 在~~边上

13. in the course of 在~~过程中

in the eyes of 从~~观点看来,在~~眼里

in the face of 面对~~,尽管,纵使

in the middle of 在~~中间

in the end =at last=finally 最后

14. on the eve of 在~~前夕

on the side of 在~~一边

15. after a time = after some time 过一段时间后

for a time = for some time 一时,有一段时间

16. behind time 迟到,过期

behind the times 落在时代后面

17. at no time 决不

in no time 立即,马上

18. at one time = once time 曾经

at a time = each time 每次

at times = sometimes 有时

at all times 经常,一直,始终

at the same time 同时

at the time 在~~的时候

by the time 到~~的时候

19. for a moment 一会儿

for the moment 暂时

at the moment 当时

the moment /minute /instance 正当~~一刹那

20. once or twice 一两次

more than once 不止一次

once more 重新,又

once upon a time 从前

once in a while 偶尔

归类记忆[编辑]

1. be on show / display / play / sale / strike / duty / trial

2. be of value / importance / use / no use / color / age / size / height / weight / significance

3. to one’s joy / surprise / pleasure / astonishment / sorrow / delight

4. in surprise / wonder / alarm / terror / horror / delight

5. by air / bicycle / boat / bus / car / letter / post / plane / telephone / train / wire

6. at daybreak / sunrise / dawn / noon/ dark / night

7. out of breath / control / question / sight

8. in fact / reality / substance / nature / practice / theory / short / brief / a word / detail / all / average / full / time / fashion / existence / turn / vain / haste / appearance / common / sum/

general / particular / public / secret / order / part / power / stock / case / bed / future / name / addition / sight

9. on duty / shift / holiday / leave / business / purpose / time / sale / show / board / hand / record / request / root / earth / farm / principle

10. for example / instance / all / good / nothing / convenience / short / fear / sale

11. by weight ( volume size number~~ ) / profession / definition / rule / turn / chance/ accident/

mistake / hand / train ( bus ,taxi ,ship ,boat ~~) / air / land / force / day / nature / sight

12. at most / least / best / worst / once / first / last / home / school / will ( at will:任意) / work /

night / midnight / daybreak / dawn / present / length / large

13. as above / below / following / over / usual / before / a matter of fact

14. above all / measure / normal

15. before all / long / time / now / then

16. after all / class / school

17. out of action / order / condition / use / operation / step / joint / repair/ gear / balance / range/

doubt / date / danger / hand / shape / place / question / stock /

18. with caution / interest / difficulty / ease / advantage / effect / reason / vigor / reserve / success / confidence

19. beyond comprehension / conception / description / expression / doubt / control / reach / power / measure / grasp / compare / controversy / dispute / hope / example

20. under age / discussion / test / way / repair

组合记忆[编辑]

由两个词组成的复合介词[编辑]

1. 以of结尾

ahead of , aside of , because of , east of , west of , instead of , short of , lack of , regardless of

2. 以to结尾

according to , as to , counter to , due to , owing to , next to , previous to , prior to , apostle to ,

relative to , subject to , subsequent to , on to , thanks to

3. 以with结尾

along with , together with

4. 以for结尾

as for , but for , except for , save for

5. 以from结尾

from above , from below , from among , from between , from beneath , from behind ,

from over

由三个词组成的复合介词[编辑]

1. 以in开头

in addition to , in advance of , in agreement with , in case of , in charge of , in comparison with

in consequence of , in consideration of , in (the) course of , in contrast with , in the face of ,

in favor of , in front of , in honor of , in (the) light of , in the middle of , in the name of ,

in need of , in obedience to , in opposition to , in place of , in preference to , in (the) process of

in regard to , in reply to , in respect of

2. 以by开头

by means of , by order of , by reason of , by virtue of , by way of

3. 以at开头

at the beginning of , at the cost of , at the end of , at the hands of , at mercy of , at the point of ,

at the risk of

4. 以with开头

with an eye to , with the exception of , with the purpose of , with reference to , with regard to,

with respect to , with a view to , with the view of

5. 以for开头

for the benefit of , for fear of , for lack of , for the good of , for the sake of

6. 以under开头

under cover of , under pain of , under the present of

7. 以on开头

on account of , on behalf of , on the occasion of , on the part of , on the point of , on top of

省略介词,意义不变[编辑]

1. I will share (in) the pleasure with him.

2. I spent two hours (in) reading the article.

3. I’ll write (to) you a letter.

4. He plays (on) the piano every evening.

5. Smith has traveled (through) China.

6. They are fighting (against) their enemy.

7. Please fill (in) the blanks in the following.

8. The houses face (to/on) the south.

9. She scolded (at) her child yesterday.

10. It is (of) no use talking.

11. There is no use (in) talking.

12. We couldn’t prevent them (from) getting married.

13. He is busy (in) preparing for the exam.

14. I have studied English (for) ten years.

15. This shirt doesn’t fit (for) me.

16. I want a place to live (in) .

17. You ought to break (off) this habit.

18. She always share (in) my troubles as well as (in ) my jobs.

动词词组及短语[编辑]

1. 以break为中心的词组

break away from 脱离,逃离

break down 破坏,粉碎;瓦解;出故障,抛锚

break in 闯进,打断;使顺服

break into 闯入;强行进入;突然开始

break out 爆发,发生;准备使用;起锚

break the law 违反法律

break the record 破记录

break one’s promise 失言

break up 开垦,破碎;解散,分开,分解

2. 以catch为中心的词组

be caught doing 被发现做某事

be caught in the rain 淋雨

catch a bus/train 赶汽车/火车

catch a cold 伤风,感冒

catch one’s word 听懂某人的话

catch sight of 发现,瞥见

catch up with 赶上,追及,追上

3. 以come为中心的词组

come across 偶尔发现,想起;越过;偿付

come along 一道来,陪伴;进步,进展;出现

come at 达到,求得,得到;扑向,袭击

come back 回来;恢复,复原

come down 倒下;降落;跌落;病倒

come from 来自,起源于,从~~产生,生于

come in 进来,进入;流行起来;获名次

come into being 发生,产生,出现,形成

come into power 开始执政,当权,当选

come into use 开始使用,获得应用

come on 上演;开始;赶快;发展;登台;(问题)被提出

come out 出来,传出;出版;结果是;褪色;(秘密)泄露

come to 苏醒,复原;共计;达到;归结于

come to an end 终止,结束

come to know 开始了解到

come true 实现,成为现实;证实

come up 走近;上楼;长出,发芽

4. 以do为中心的词组

be done in 精疲力竭

be done with 完全结束

do a good deed 做一件好事

do away with 去掉,废除;弄死;浪费

do good to (=do sb. good) 有益于

do harm to (=do sb. good) 有害于

do its work 有效,有作用

do much 极有用

do wrong to 做错

do one’s best 尽某人最大努力

do one’s homework 做作业

do one’s utmost 尽力而为

do proud 足以使~~骄傲

do sb. justice 公平对待某人

do some cleaning (V+ing,etc.) 搞卫生

do sb. a favor 帮助某人

do well in 学得不错,干得漂亮

do with 和~~相处,忍受,处理

do without 不需要,不用

do wonders 创造奇迹

have much to do with 和~~很有关系

have nothing to do with 与~~无关

have something to do with 和~~有关

in doing so=in so doing 这时,在这种情况下

That will do. 行了;够了

5. 以get为中心的词组

get about 徘徊,走动,旅行;流传

get above oneself 自视高傲

get accustomed to 习惯于,对~~习以为常

get across 度过,通过,横过;说服,使理解

get ahead of 胜过,超过

get along 前进,进步;同意;离去

get along with 与~~相处

get at 发现,了解;掌握;攻击

get away 离开,逃脱

get back 取回,回来;报复

get behind 落后;识破

get down 咽下;写下;使沮丧,使抑郁

get down to 认真对待,静下心来

get familiar with 熟悉

get hold of 获得,取得

get home 到家

get in 进入,陷入;牵涉

get off 送走;脱下(衣服);下车;动身

get on 上车;穿上;进步,使前进;成功;相处

get upon with 进步;在~~方面获得成功

get one’s hand in 熟悉;习惯

get out of 由~~出来,从~~得出;避免;退休

get over 越过;恢复,痊愈;克服;完成

get ready for 为~~作准备

get rid of 除去,去掉;免除,摆脱

get through 到达,完成,通过;及格

get together 积聚,积累;商谈,取得一致意见

get up 起床,起立;研究,钻研;致力于;安排,组织

get used to 习惯于

have got to do 不得不,必须

6. 以give为中心的词组

be given to 沉溺于,癖好

give about 分配;传播

give and take 相互迁就

give away 赠送;牺牲;泄露;颁发

give back 归还

give cause 给予~~的理由

give ear to 侧耳倾听

give forth 发出,放出;发表

give in 屈服,让步,投降

give in to 同意,接受;向~~让步

give off 发出(烟,气味)

give oneself out to be/as 自称为

give oneself up to 专心于;向~~自首

give out 分发,公布

give place to 让位于,被~~所替代

give rise to 引起,导致;使~~发生

give sb. to understand 通知某人

give up 放弃;停止

give way to 让步,退却;屈服于

7. 以look为中心的词组

look about 四下环顾;查看

look after 照顾,看管

look around 东张西望

look at 注视,着眼于

look back 回顾

look for 寻找;期待,期望

look down on 俯视;轻视

look forward to 盼望,期待

look into 窥视;调查;浏览

look like 看起来象

look on 旁观;面向

look out 向外看;注意;当心,堤防

look over 从上面看过去;检查

look through 透过~~看去;看穿;浏览

look up to 仰望,尊敬

8. 以make为中心的词组

be made from 由~~原料制成

be made of 由~~材料制成

be made up of 由~~组成

make a fool of 愚弄,欺骗

make a mistake 弄错

make a point of doing 强调;认为~~重要;决心,坚持

make advantages/use of 使用,利用

make after 追求,追赶

make believe 假装

make certain 确信,把~~弄清楚

make contact with 接通,与~~接触,与~~联系

make for 去向,向~~前进;有利于

make friends with 和~~交友

make into 把~~制成,使~~转变为

make much of 重视;理解;赏识

make one’s mind on sth. 决定某事

make one’s own 当作自己的看待

make oneself at home 随便,别拘束

make out 填写;开支票;理解;辨认

make the best of 尽量利用;极为重视

make up 弥补,修理;赔偿,补偿;起草;编造;化装

make up to 接近,巴结;向~~求爱

make way for 为~~让路,让路于

on the make 急求成功;增加

9. 以put为中心的词组

put aside 把~~放在一边;搁置;排除

put away 把~~放好,把~~收拾;储藏;吃喝,吃掉

put back 把~~放回原处;驳回

put down 放下;镇压;制止;记下;削减;降落

put forward 提出;拨快;建议,推荐;提倡,倡议

put ~~ into 把~~放入;插入;翻译成

put off 推迟,延期;消除;推脱,推辞

put on 上演;穿上,带上

put one’s heart into 全神贯注,专心致志

put up 举起,挂起;提名,推荐;陈列

put up with 忍受,容忍

10. 以take为中心的词组

be taken aback 吃惊

take a seat 就坐

take a shower 淋浴,洗澡

take aim 瞄准,设立目标

take away 拿走,减去;夺去

take ~~ by surprise 出奇制胜

take care of 当心,注意;照顾;提防;谨慎;处理,对付;负责

take ~~ for 把~~当作

take off 脱去,除去;离开;起飞;模仿;起程;致死;复制,作副本;减弱

take office 就职,上任

take one’s place 就坐,入坐

take one’s temperature 量体温

take part in 参与,参加

take place = happen 发生,举行

take the place of 代替

take pride in 以~~为荣,对~~骄傲

take sb. by the arm 拉某人的胳膊

take it easy 别着急,慢慢来

11. 以turn为中心的词组

give a new turn to 对~~予以新的看法

in one’s turn 轮到某人做某事

out of turn 不按次序的,不合适宜的

take one’s turn to do 轮到做

turn a blind eye to 对~~视而不见

turn against 背叛,采取敌对态度

turn back 折回,往回走

turn down 折叠,翻下,驳回,拒绝考虑

turn into 走进;变成,变为

turn to ~~for help 求助于

turn off 关上(自来水,电器开关);解雇,辞退;避开(问题);制造;生产

turn on 打开(自来水,电器开关);反对;依靠,依赖,取决于

turn one’s attention to 把注意力转向

turn out 培养;证明是;制成;实际情况是

turn out to be 原来是,证明是,结果是

turn over a new leaf 翻开新的一页,重新开始,改过自新

turn (a)round 旋转,转过身来;改变意见;采取新政策

turn to 变成;着手于

turn upside down 颠倒过来,翻过来;使陷入混乱


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

18 consider doing 考虑做某事


19 had better + V 最好做某事

20 would like to do sth 想做某事


21 would like sth 想要物

22 would like sb to do sth 想让某人做某事


23 be made to do 被迫做

24 as+adj\adv(原级)+as 与---一样


25 invite sb to do 邀请某人做

26 play an important part in 在--中起重要作用


27 play a role in 在--中起作用

28 give up+doing 放弃做某事


29 be used to doing 习惯于某事

30 be used to do 被用来做


31 used to do 过去常常

32 use ---to do sth 用—来做


33It is +adj+(for\of sb)+to do

34 be bad for 对---有害


35 be harmful to对---有害

36 be good at 擅长于


37 be good for 对---有益处

38 why not+V 为何不做


39 be worried about 担心

40 too+adj\adv+(for sb)+to do 太--而不能


41 keep sb doing 让某人一直做某事

42 benefit from 受益于


43 fall asleep 入睡

44 There be sb doing sth 有人在做某事


45 at the moment 此刻, 那时

46 depend on 依赖, 依靠


47 have arguments with sb about sth

48 argue with sb about sth 因某事与某人争吵


49 something to eat\drink 吃\ 喝的东西

50 make +宾+补(adj \ 分词)


51 have\has+过去分词+--since+---

52 millions\hundreds\thousands of


53 turn off\on 关上/打开

54 set up搭起;建立


55 do\deal with 处理

56 advise sb to do sth 建议某人做某事


57 have a fever\headache 发烧/头痛

58 one-----the other--- 一个---另一个


59 some----others---一些-另一些

60 a mixture of 一种---混合物


61 It’s a good idea to do

62 way to do\way of doing


63 in danger of 处于危险中

64 at the end of 在---末梢/尽头


65 throw away 扔掉

66 stop doing sth 停止(正在做的)事


67 stop to do sth停下来去做另一件事

68 take off \put on 脱下/穿上


69 put up 张贴/挂起/举起

70 a 2-point lead 2分领先


71 begin\ start\end with 开始于/结束于

72 on one’s\the way to 在---途中


73 succeed in doing sth 成功做某事

74 fail to do sth 未能成功做某事


75 leading players 主要运动员

76 regard as \be regarded as 被---当作


77 national pride 国家的骄傲

78 with pride 骄傲地


79 take (a) pride in 以---为骄傲/自豪

80 be proud of以---为骄傲/自豪


81pick up 捡起,拾起,用车来接

82 have sth\nothing to do with 与---有/没关


83 be surprised at\to do\从句 对---感到惊讶

84 popular culture 通俗文化


85 be popular with sb 受到某人的欢迎

86 neither----nor----(邻近) 既不---也不


87 either----or----(邻近)

88 tell the truth 说实话


89 make fun of sb 取笑某人

90 in\for fun 为了娱乐


91 all the time\way 一直

92 meet with---遇到


93 a great many 许多

94 keep on 继续


95 go on doing继续做某事

96 generally\strictly speaking


97 主句(将来时)+as soon as\if\when+从句(一般现在时)

98 be strict with sb 对某人严格要求


99 be strict in sth 对某事严格要求

100 There be (邻近)


101. Hardly--(过去完成时)+when--- (过去时)

102.  not only----but also(邻近) 不但---而且


103 take turns doing 轮流做某事

104 stand for 代表


105 be responsible for 对---负责

106 take part in 参加


107 on television\the radio 在电视/收音机上

108 compete for 为---竞赛


109 in honor of 为了纪念

110 take place 举行,发生


111 consist of 组成,构成

112 compete in参加比赛


113 be held in 在---举行

114 in turn 轮流


115 have trouble with sth sth有毛病

116 have sth done


117 at the exit from 在---出口处

118 send out 派出


119 in comfort 舒适地

120 make a booking 预定


121 in two weeks’ time 两周后

122 help sb with sth 帮助某人做某事


123 be thankful to sb for sth 因某事而感激某人


124 happen to sb

125 happen to do sth 碰巧做某事


126 provide sth for sb 为某人提供某物

127 provide sb with sth为某人提供某物


128 in case 万一

129 in any case 无论如何

130 have sb do sth 让某人做某事


131It is said that 据说

132 It is said to do据说


133 fill with 用---充满,装满

134 claim to do


135 be available for\to

136 in (the) front of