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波斯语/字母

维基教科书,自由的教学读本

波斯语字母 الفبا[编辑]

波斯语是以阿拉伯字母拼写成的,包含四个母音字母和二十八个辅音字母,然而这些字母和阿拉伯字母有些出入。


Name Isolated Initial Middle End Pronunciation
Alef ا a a as in cat or o as in
Be b as in big
Pe پ پ p as in park
Te t as in "tea"
Se s as in salad
Jim J as in
Che چ چ Che as in
He h as in house
Che ch as in "Bach or "Loch""
Dāl d as in dog
Sāl s as in Summer
Re r as in rain
Se s as in
Je ژ ژ j as in
Sin s as in
Shin sh as in sugar
Sād s as in
Sād ﺿ s wie in Sage
t as in tiger
s wie in Sonne
Ain a as in cat
Gain gr wie kurzes ch (Bach)
Fe f as in France
Ghāf gr wie kurzes ch (Dach)
Kāf ک ک k as in kid
Gāf گ گ g as in golf
Lām l as in love
Mim m as in music
Nun n as in new
Vāv u, o, w as in
He h as in
Je ى ى i, j wie in Igel, Jahr

Transcription[编辑]

下面这张表是这本书会用到的发音:

  ا ب پ ت ث ج چ ح خ د ذ ر ز ژ س ش
Name alef be pe te se, sa jim tsche he che, cha dāl zāl re, rā ze, zā že, žā sin šin
Wikipedia ā (') b p t s dsch tsch h ch d z r z ž s sch


  ص ض ط ظ ع غ ف ق ک گ ل م ن و ه ى
Name sād zād eyn gheyn fe, fa ghāf kāf gāf lām mim nun wāw he, hā ye, yā
Wikipedia s z t z (') gh f gh k g l m n u, w h i, y

Pronunciation[编辑]

  • ā (letter: ا) a deeper sound than the a, comparable to a Swedish "å". This sound must be distinguished clearly from a short "a" (as in "cat").
  • ž (letter: ژ) spoken as the g in "mirage".
  • gh (letter: ق und غ) similar to the ch in „Buch“,aber stimmhaft; oder wie ein stimmhaftes Rachen-r
  • ch (letter: خ) immer (auch am Wortanfang) wie ch in „Buch“(nicht wie in „ich“)
  • z (letter: ذ, ز, ض und ظ) als stimmhaftes s
  • r (letter: ر) wird als Zungenspitzen-r gesprochen


课程: 第一课第二课得三课第四课第五课
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