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03bwiki-zn-frontpage-icon.png PHP 是一本正在翻譯的教科书



PHP 是一種腳本語言,主要是用途在於處理動態網頁

PHP 目前被廣泛的應用,它也是開源軟件運動中一個成功的例子。PHP受歡迎是因為其語法類似C、它的速度以及它的簡單。 PHP是目前分為兩個主要版本: PHP 4和PHP 5中。 PHP 6目前正在開發。

相信大家也曾經嘗試過在網站入使用登入登出的功能。而這類登入的功用,大多數會利用伺服器語言來達成,而你也很可能與PHP打交道。 PHP語言由Rasmus Lerdorf發明。當初的他寫這個小程式,目的只是希望追蹤瀏覽者的資料。

基本上,PHP使静态的网页动态化。“PHP”是一个递归的缩写,它表示“PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor(PHP:超文本预处理器)”。PHP 对超文本文档进行预处理(即 PHP 在输出被发送到浏览器之前进行处理)。因此,页面可以根据条件,在被用户看到之前做出改变。这可以被用来在页面上写一些东西,创建一个多行的表格,使它的行数正好等于用户访问的次数,或者,将网页与 web 数据库(例如 MySQL)相整合。

在开始服务器处理的奇妙旅程之前,您最好对超文本标记语言作一些基本的了解。PHP 也被用来开发 GUI 应用程序;PHP-GTK 用来构建图形用户界面(Graphical User Interfaces,GUI)。



Learning the Language[编辑]

The Basics[编辑]

This section is about things that are important for any type of PHP development. Useful for a PHP programmer of any level.
  1. Beginning with "Hello World!" 开发阶段:100%(截至10 Feb 2006)(10 Feb 2006)
  2. Nuts and Bolts 开发阶段:75%(截至14 Jan 2006)(14 Jan 2006)
  3. Commenting and Style 开发阶段:100%(截至14 Jan 2006)(14 Jan 2006)
  4. Arrays 开发阶段:75%(截至10 Feb 2006)(10 Feb 2006)
  5. Control structures
    1. The if Structure 开发阶段:75%(截至19 Mar 2009)(19 Mar 2009)
    2. The switch Structure 开发阶段:75%(截至14 Jan 2006)(14 Jan 2006)
    3. The while Loop 开发阶段:75%(截至14 Jan 2006)(14 Jan 2006)
    4. The do while Loop 开发阶段:50%(截至14 Jan 2006)(14 Jan 2006)
    5. The for Loop 开发阶段:50%(截至14 Jan 2006)(14 Jan 2006)
    6. The foreach Loop 开发阶段:75%(截至14 Jan 2006)(14 Jan 2006)
  6. Functions 开发阶段:75%(截至10 Feb 2006)(10 Feb 2006)
  7. Files 开发阶段:100%(截至12 Feb 2008)(12 Feb 2008)
  8. Mailing 开发阶段:50%(截至14 Jan 2006)(14 Jan 2006)
  9. Cookies 开发阶段:75%(截至14 Jan 2006)(14 Jan 2006)
  10. Sessions 开发阶段:75%(截至2008-05-07)(2008-05-07)
  11. Databases
    1. MySQL 开发阶段:75%(截至14 Jan 2006)(14 Jan 2006)
    2. PHP Data Objects 开发阶段:00%(截至18 Dec 2006)(18 Dec 2006)
  12. Integration Methods (HTML Forms, etc.) 开发阶段:75%(截至14 Jan 2006)(14 Jan 2006)

Advanced PHP[编辑]

Advanced PHP includes high level programming and PHP techniques designed to make PHP even more useful and powerful.

Object Oriented Programming (OOP)[编辑]

  1. Classes
  2. Special Methods
  3. Class Extensions (Inheritance)


  1. Why Templating
  2. Templates
  3. Caching
  4. SMARTY templating system
  5. PRADO Component Framework
  6. Flat Frog templating system 开发阶段:25%(截至23 march 2006)(23 march 2006)
  7. XSL





  1. Configuration: Register Globals
  2. SQL Injection Attacks
  3. Cross Site Scripting Attacks
  4. Building a secure user login system

See also the section on avoiding session fixation in the Sessions chapter.

Command-Line Interface (CLI)[编辑]

  1. PHP CLI
  2. PHP-GTK
  3. Daemonization

Code Snippets[编辑]

Useful for any beginners to learn code from.

PHP 4 & 5[编辑]

Basic Level[编辑]

  • echo "the text to print"; - This language construct will echo the text between the quotes. This is not a function but a language construct.
  • echo "$var"; - Notice the double quotation marks. Because double quotation marks are used, this will print the value of the variable. If $var="Bobby", this will output:


  • echo '$var'; - Notice that the quotation marks are now single. This will output the literal keystrokes inside the quotes. The example will output:


  • $var="Jericho";echo "Joshua fit the battle of $var."; - Other than substituting the value of a variable for the variable name (and one or two other minor items), double quotes will quote literal keystrokes. So this will output:

Joshua fit the battle of Jericho.

Again, if single quotes were used — 'Joshua fit the battle of $var'; — this would output:

Joshua fit the battle of $var.

  • echo $var; - If you only want to print the value of a variable, you don't need quotes at all. If the value of $var is "1214", the code will output:


  • require "url"; - This language construct will include the page between the quotes. Can NOT be used with dynamic pages, e.g. require("main.php?username=SomeUser"); would not work. This is not a function but a language construct.
  • date("Date/time format"); - Function which returns a date from a Unix Timestamp - where H is the hour, i is the minutes, s is the seconds, d is the day, m is the month and Y is the year in four digits - e.g. date("H:i:s d/m/Y"); would return 12:22:01 10/08/2006 on 10th August 2006 at 12:22:01.
  • unlink("filename"); - Function which deletes the file specified in filename.

PHP 4[编辑]

Basic Level[编辑]


 $variable1 = 'beginning';
 //This is a comment after a variable being defined
 if ($variable1 == 'beginning') {
   //If is a test to see if a variable has certain
   //value and initiates the wanted sequences if true
   echo 'Hello World!';
   //The echo displays to the page



Include OOP based examples, made by experienced developer

PHP 5 Only[编辑]

Basic Level[编辑]

Basics, working only on PHP 5.

  • file_put_contents("filename", "Text to save"); - Functions which saves the text specified in Text to save to the file specified in filename. Will overwrite existing file contents unless another parameter FILE_APPEND is added.

E.g. file_put_contents("filename", "Text to save"); will write Text to save to filename, but will overwrite existing text whereas file_put_contents("filename", "Text to save", FILE_APPEND); will write Text to save to filename, but will not overwrite existing text (instead it appends).


  1. Input validation by Kgrsajid.
  2. Advanced Input validation by nemesiskoen.


For reviews of numerous PHP editors, see PHP-editors.


  • From C/C++ to PHP Most people program in C++ but not in PHP. This tutorial will explain the important differences.


Jatkins: PHP 4 & 5 examples, and PHP 5 only examples.
Douglas Clifton: New editor. Hoping to add more soon!
James Booker: Minor corrections. Hoping to add more content in time.
Spoom: Original for and articles, various reformatting and additions.
IBB: See profile.
Kander: Minor edits to the PHP and MySQL section.
Qrc: Started initial page for Configuration:Register Globals.
Bumppo: Started object-oriented PHP section
programmabilities: Minor edits.
ahc: Significant editing to existing sections.
Liu Chang: Added "Setting up PHP" section. Hoping to add more in time
Monkeymatt: Fixed some typos, fixed the templating section.
Charles Iliya Krempeaux: Added PHP CLI section. Minor cleanups on existing sections. Added PHP-GTK section.
scorphus: Fixes in installation procedures on Debian systems (to conform standards - we now use aptitude)
immortalgeek: Added some php web links to Resource section.
Wykis: Working on Smarty section, foreach, arrays, sessions, all basic programming
Bolo: working on Flat Frog section.
KGR Sajid: PHP5 editor. Also edited some other minor things.
banzaimonkey: Formatting changes and editing.
Meemo: Some small edits, fixing a few scripts and the spelling of Rumpelstiltskin. ;)
Justin Kestelyn: Added a link in Resources.
Sam Wilson: Elaboration on session fixation. -PHP, MySQL Training and development.