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說明:創建新頁面或讀本

維基教科書,自由的教學讀本

維基教科書是內容開放的教科書協作計劃,用戶貢獻的內容均在GNU自由文檔許可證下發布。您向維基教科書提交的內容必須是您擁有版權或屬於公有領域,參見Wikibooks:版權信息請不要在未獲得著作權人許可的情況下提交受版權保護的材料。

For background on Wikibooks see Why contribute?.

創建新頁面或新教科書[編輯]

維基教科書的教科書、章節和頁面,任何人都可以創建、重寫、修改、移動。章節可以改變,添加和刪除。維基教科書應該符合什麼要求:

在創建新書之前請查看圖書館來看看您的作品是不是某本現存教科書中的一部分。或許把您的文字加入相關頁面會更好(尤其是這段文字不太長的情況下)。而頁面在篇幅過長時也可能會在以後被拆開。

創建一本教科書[編輯]

您可以通過分析已有的教科書來學習如何創建一本好書,或是發現一些新點子。維基教科書沒有嚴格的政策來規定某一本書的形態,因此如果您發現了設計上與眾不同的書,您並不必困惑。

Generally, it's a good idea to look up some Featured books like How To Assemble A Desktop PC and Chinese (Mandarin).

  • Review the book naming conventions. See also Help:Page name.
  • Choose a book title carefully. Names are important, un-doing mistakes can take time, so it's always a good idea to do a little homework first. Before saving the page, decide whether you want to use the suggested name. If not, check the What links here option on the edit mode page. If changing the name will not break any other links (inappropriately), update the link on the referring page.
  • Once you have a few strong ideas about a new book, write a few paragraphs and lay out an outline for it.
  • Decide on a writing style and how to format contents. See Help:Manual of Style.
  • If nothing points here, the page is isolated. Add a link to the new book title on the appropriate bookshelves.

'Create a book' takes you to an edit page to enter the new text. The edit page has a link for Editing help, so you won't be lost. If you want to experiment, use the sandbox first.

New pages can also be started by:

  • Following a link to a new page which does not existent yet, which likewise launches the edit page.
  • Search for the page name. If the page you want to use does not already exist you will get a message saying:
There is no page titled "page name". You can create this page. By clicking the link you will be switched to editing a new page.
  • Creating a link to the new page on an existing page, such as the sandbox, and click the preview button to preview your changes. From the preview area click on the newly created link, which will switch you to editing a new page, if the page does not already exist, without updating the previous page.
  • You can type the name of new page in the address field of your browser, replacing current page name. Using this method for the new page displays the default 'no module' message. The default page has the usual Edit this page link, which can be used to begin adding content. An interwiki or external link to a non-existent page gives the same result, but is not recommended.

Links to non-existing pages are typically created in preparation of creating the page, and/or to encourage other people to do so. Links are not only convenient for navigation, but also make people aware of the new page (those who read a related page and also those who watch the related page). New page links are not really broken, as long as the name correctly identifies the intended content. (A new page link with a "wrong" or misspelled name, or that duplicates content found under another name is "broken". but in a different sense.)

New page links typically look different from links to existing pages. Depending on settings, a different color or a question mark is used. (Sometimes links to new pages are called "red links", the display option of one of the settings). Links to non-existent pages are created with [[New page name]] from the wiki editor. (In this case, the empty page "New page name" would be created).

To get access to a MediaWiki project page, with the links at the edges but without the superfluous loading of a page, use a bookmark to a non-existing page. The default 'no article' page will display the edge links.

註:
The sandbox can be used for temporary experimentation, but is emptied on a regular basis. So, remember to bookmark the module(s) you have created, in order to edit them again in the future. If you are a registered user, it will also appear under "My contributions". For persistent draft material, you can use your user account sub-pages, and move the sub-page when ready. To create a user sub-page, use a reference (title) like: 'User:UserName/New sub page'. User sub-pages can also be used for testing new template material with the syntax {{User:UserName/Sub page name}}.

創建空白頁[編輯]

一個新頁面 和空白頁不同: 後者有頁面歷史。然而, 創建一個新頁面就像編輯一個空白頁面一樣, 除了創建一個新頁面時會顯示來自 MediaWiki:Newarticletext 的文字。(可能隨不同的姊妹項目而變化)

有時創建空白頁面是有用的。- 例如創建一個依賴參數的模板以產生標準文本或是附加文本。這會通過使它要求另一個名字為參數的模板來實現。其他模板的一個版本包括附加文本,另一個版本則是空白。參見optional text

To create an empty page, save a page with the wikitext __END__. This code will not be saved, it just prevents refusal by the system to create an empty page. Alternatively, first create a non-empty page, e.g. with just one character, then edit the page to make it empty. A page with one or more blank spaces at the end, including a page only contating one or more blank spaces, is not possible.

定出提綱和範圍[編輯]

Wikibooks are all about working with others. To help others contribute to a new book, it helps very much to define and publish the concept, layout and scope of the book right from the beginning. This serves as some kind of contract and can avoid long discussions what should or shouldn't be in the book and how the book should look. Please be aware that there is really no such thing as "your" book on a wiki like this - it is up to early contributors to demonstrate the writing and leadership for other contributors to accept them as the "lead authors" for a book. Some books have no lead authors, and develop organically over time.

Some questions you want to answer in defining the book:

  • What type of book will it be? Reference, textbook, self-study course, tutorial, experimentation instructions, travel report, etc.
  • Who is the target audience? How old are its constituents? What is their background? How advanced are their reading skills? Are they children or adults, students, hobbyists, or professionals, researchers or scientists? An advanced level for a hobbyist is quite different to that of a researcher.
  • What is the scope of the book? How much you want to cover -- in terms of topic, history and/or audience level -- helps determine where you start, and where you end. This also determines what to leave in and what to leave out.

Publish this information at the beginning of the book and on the discussion page, so people can decide if this is the right book they want to read or contribute to.

編寫第一頁[編輯]

Read the naming policy on how to arrange and name your book. Then make the table of contents or cover page. Choose a title, something short and descriptive without abbreviations. Create the page the way you want it, and save it.

When creating modules it is also good practice to run the text through a spell checker before submitting. You may find it more convenient to take a copy of the original page, work on it, then paste the edited copy back in. Creating brand-new topics is a great way to help Wikibooks increase its breadth (and depth).

使您的書便於查找[編輯]

Make the book available to other users. Of course, people can see it on Recent Changes, but its visibility on that list is not permanent, so you need to properly categorize it. Put {{New book}} on the main page of the book, and also use the {{Subject}} template to put the book into an appropriate category. If you are not sure what category to put your book in, you can browse Subject:Major Subjects, or ask at The New Books Staff Lounge.

Add your book in the correct category (if applicable) in alphabetical order. Save that page and go back to the Main Page. Create all of the pages within that textbook as "Textbooktitle/Whateverthepageis" to avoid problems with other textbooks. See Wikibooks:Naming policy for more.

圖書請求[編輯]

如果您只是有個關於新書的想法,而並不確定您能寫多少,可在Wikibooks:Requested books 中加入一個圖書請求來代替。您可能會發現某個人也有着同樣的想法。您也可能看到其他人請求的新書,或是去創建那些請求的圖書。

An appropriate place to look for other people to help out on a new book is the staff lounge. Many regular contributors to Wikibooks read this page periodically, so you can get suggestions for how your book idea can be put together, or find other people who might be interested in helping you put it together. This is a good place to suggest ideas for books whcih do not seem to fit in any bookshelf.

其它事項[編輯]

創建可打印版本[編輯]

如果你希望人們透過連續的文字閱讀你的書,如PDF檔等,請在一開始時設定為「列印版本」,請參見Wikibooks:可打印版

註明開發階段[編輯]

您可以用開發階段來標記哪些章節完成了。您同樣應該在您的目錄頁中的這些章節的條目旁邊表示一下您的書準備好了多少。

建議章節[編輯]

序言和後記
您可以創建"前言"、"導言"或是"後記"章節以解釋如何閱讀本書或本書的適用範圍。
作者列表和樣式指南
別人也有可能去編輯您的書。因而應有一個頁面列出主要貢獻者。該頁面可能被命名為「作者」。而為您的書創建樣式指南來解釋這本書該怎麼寫、模板怎麼用等有關事由也是個好主意。

參見[編輯]

New Book Guide