人類生理學/肌肉系統

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種類[編輯]

肌肉系統與其他系統的合作[編輯]

  1. 動態平衡(Homeostasis)
  2. 保護
  3. 鈣的代謝
  4. 維持體溫

骨骼肌收縮[編輯]

肌絲滑動理論(sliding filament theory)[編輯]

骨骼肌的細胞作用[編輯]

不可控制的肌肉運動[編輯]

痙攣(Spasms)

當光滑和骨骼肌經歷多次痙攣時,它被稱為癲癇發作(seizure )或抽搐(convulsion)。

抽筋(Cramps)

劇烈的活動可能導致長而痛苦的肌肉痙攣,這被稱為抽筋。

受傷[編輯]

類固醇[編輯]

MyoD蛋白和其他肌肉因素[編輯]

肌肉恆定狀態[編輯]

平滑肌收縮[編輯]

心肌[編輯]

人體內的三磷酸腺苷(ATP)[編輯]

乳酸[編輯]

肌肉異常[編輯]

皮肌炎(Dermatomyositis)和多發性肌炎(Polymyositis)[編輯]

肌肉萎縮(Muscle Atrophy)[編輯]

肌營養不良症(Muscular Dystrophy)[編輯]

醫學謎題[編輯]

睡眠抽搐[編輯]

微生物學[編輯]

詞彙表[編輯]

肌動蛋白(Actin)
A protein that forms a long polymer rods called microfilaments; Interacts with myosin to cause movement in muscles.
腺苷三磷酸(Adenosine Triphosphate,ATP)
is a nucleotide that comes from adenosine that takes place in muscle tissue: This provides a large source of energy for cellular reactions.
心肌(Cardiac muscle)
is also an "involuntary muscle" but it's a specialized kind of muscle found only within the heart.
肉毒桿菌(Clostridium botulinum)
A pathogen that causes botulism, gram stain positive, morphology is rod shaped, grows in anaerobic conditions, and produces spores.
破傷風桿菌(Clostridium tetani)
A pathogen that causes lock jaw, gram stain positive, morphology is tennis racket shaped rod, grows in anaerobic conditions, and produces spores.
柯氏循環(Cori cycle)
在厭氧條件下產生乳酸
抽筋(Cramp)
A localized muscle spasm that happens after strenuous activity.
肝醣(Glycogen)
Glucose that has been converted for energy storage. Muscles store energy for their own use in this form.
乳酸(Lactic acid)
肌肉過度運動會累積的酸
Muscle
Contractile tissue that is derived from the mesodermal layer of embryonic germ cells.
肌肉營養不良症(Muscular Dystrophy)
A hereditary disease characterized by progressive atrophy of muscle fibers
肌球蛋白(Myosin)
The fibrous motor protein that uses ATP to drive movements along actin filaments.
肌質網(Sarcoplasmic Reticulum)
Smooth-surfaced tubules forming a plexus around each myofibril that function as a storage and release area for calcium ions (Ca2+).
骨骼肌(Skeletal muscle)
this "voluntary muscle" is anchored by tendons to the bone and is used to affect skeletal movement such as locomotion.
平滑肌(Smooth muscle)
this "involuntary muscle" is found within the walls of organs and structures such as the esophagus, stomach, intestines, bronchi, uterus, ureters, bladder, and blood vessels.
扭傷(Sprain)
韌帶的拉伸或者撕裂受傷Injuries that involves a stretched or torn ligament.
拉傷(Strain)
肌肉或者肌腱部份的傷害
類固醇(steroids)
一種刺激肌肉生長的藥物

參考資料[編輯]